2C-DFC utilizes the Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF)
2C-DFC utilizes the Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) developed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health services Administration (SAMHSA). SPF assists community coalitions in developing the infrastructure needed for community-based, public health approaches that can lead to effective and sustainable reductions in alcohol, tobacco and other drug (ATOD) use and abuse. The five elements are:
- Assessment. Collect data to define problems, resources, and readiness within a geographic area to address needs and gaps.
- Capacity. Mobilize and/or build capacity within a geographic area to address needs.
- Planning. Develop a comprehensive strategic approach that includes policies, programs, and practices creating a logical, data-driven plan to address problems identified in the assessment.
- Implementation. Implement evidence-based prevention strategies, programs, policies and practices.
- Evaluation. Measure the impact of the SPF and the implementation of strategies, programs, policies and practices.The elements of sustainability and cultural competence—central to community-based approaches—are shown in the center of the graphic indicating their importance to each of the other elements.